Coronavirus Information

 Coronavirus Information

What is a Coronavirus?

What is a Coronavirus?
1. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. 2. Several coronaviruses causes respiratory infections (common cold to severe diseases) such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and this new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). 3. The name coronavirus is derived from ‘corona’ meaning crown that refers to its characteristic of like having a crown (see photos below)
SARS-CoV-2
Figure 1: Electron micrograph of the virions with visible coronae
SARS-CoV-2
Figure 2: Illustration of a SARS-CoV-2 virion

What is COVID-19?

What is COVID-19?
1. COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease '19) is the term for the infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2. 2. The disease was discovered in an outbreak in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. 3. COVID-19 has now been declared by WHO as a pandemic which is affecting countries globally.

Symptoms of COVID-19

Symptoms of COVID-19
1. The most common symptoms are:
  • Fever
  • Dry cough
  • Tiredness
2. Less common symptoms are:
  • Aches and pains
  • Nasal congestion
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Diarrhea
  • Lost of taste/smell

What to do when you have symptoms?

What to do when you have symptoms?
1. Having minor symptoms shown above doesn't have the need to seek medical care. Stay at home, self-isolation, and monitor yourself are the best things to do. 2. Keep at least 1 meter distance from other people and do not touch surfaces with your hands. 3. Seek immediate medical care if you have difficulty breathing or pain/pressure in the chest.

How does the virus spread?

How does the virus spread?
1. The virus spread from person to person from small droplets from the nose or mouth of someone that is infected. This happens whenever they cough, sneeze, or speak. 2. Droplets are heavy and sink to the ground, they can land on objects or surfaces around them such as tables and doorknobs. People may get infected by touching these surfaces and touching their mouth, nose, and eyes. (which is why washing your hands with soap and water is important, washing for 20 seconds would break down the virus).

How to protect self and others?

How to protect self and others?
1. Practice hand and respiratory hygiene at all times. 2. Maintain at least 1 meter distance between yourself and others (Social Distancing). 3. Wear a surgical/N-95 mask everytime you will go to public places.

What to do when you have close contact to someone with COVID-19?

What to do when you have close contact to someone with COVID-19?
Having close contact means:
  • You live with someone infected
  • You’ve been in settings less than 1 meter from those who are infected
1. If you become ill, you must self-isolate. Go to the nearest rapid/swab testing location in your area. 2. If you don’t have symptoms, but have been exposed to an infected person, self-quarantine for 14 days. Get rapid/swab tested if possible.

References

References